A Patient-Centred Approach to Orthopaedic Injury Rehabilitation
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Healthcare professionals, orthopedic physicians, surgeons, and physiotherapists play a vital role in the management and rehabilitation of patients with orthopedic injuries. In previous decades, doctors used to practice a paternalistic approach where they acted as a fatherly figure. The patient-centered approach has revolutionized this system by allowing patients to choose their treatment plan according to their needs.

To ensure successful rehabilitation outcomes, it is essential to adopt a patient-centered approach that focuses on the needs and preferences of patients individually. This approach emphasizes the importance of educating patients on their injuries and empowering them with self-management techniques to aid the recovery process.

In this blog, we will explore the crucial role of education and self-management in the rehabilitation of orthopedic injuries and how a patient-centered approach can lead to better outcomes for both patients and healthcare providers.

What is a patient-centered approach to orthopedic injury rehabilitation?

Orthopedic injuries can significantly impact a patient’s physical, emotional, mental, and social well-being. While traditional rehabilitation methods focus on treating the injury itself, a patient-centered approach takes a more holistic approach, considering the patient’s needs, goals, treatment approaches, and affordability rather than just the injury itself.

The goal is to provide individualized care to ensure a faster recovery. The approach considers the patient as a whole and strives to empower them to play an active role in their recovery.

What are the components of the Patient-Centred Approach?

Patients centered approach consists of the following components:

1. Collaboration: A patient-centered approach involves a collaborative partnership between the patient, doctor, and physiotherapist. The patients are examined clinically, and they act as active participants in their rehabilitation journey. Their input is valued in the decision-making process. Patients are given freedom of choice by mentioning the pros and cons of each therapy.

2. Individualization: The approach recognizes that each patient has unique needs and goals. Therefore, rehabilitation plans are tailored to each patient’s specific circumstances, physical abilities, lifestyle, accessibility, and affordability.

3. Empowerment: Patients are empowered to participate actively in the management and recovery of their orthopedic injuries. It builds self-efficacy, increases motivation, and promotes long-term adherence to the treatment plan.

4. Holistic care: A patient-centered approach considers the patient’s physical, emotional, and social well-being, recognizing that these factors are interrelated and can impact the patient’s recovery.

What are the Benefits of a Patient-Centered Approach?

A patient-centered approach has numerous benefits for doctors, physiotherapists, and patients, including:

1. Improved Patient Outcomes: A patient-centered approach can improve patient outcomes, including reduced pain, improved physical functions, and faster recovery.

2. Increased Patient Satisfaction: Patients receiving care tailored to their needs are more satisfied with their treatment plan.

3. Improved Communication: A patient-centered approach fosters open communication between the patient, doctor, and physiotherapist, leading to better patient engagement and a clearer understanding of the patient’s needs and goals. It strengthens the doctor-patient relationship.

4. Increased Efficiency: Treatment plans chosen by the patient himself encourage efficient use of resources, as patients are less likely to drop out of their rehabilitation program.

How to Empower Patients to Participate actively in their own Orthopedic Injury Rehabilitation?

As an orthopedic physician or physiotherapist, you can help your patients with successful recovery. You can empower your patients to get short and long-term benefits. The following are some strategies to empower your patients:

1. Educate Patients
The most important thing is to educate your patients about their injuries and the healing process. This includes explaining the expected recovery time, exercises, and lifestyle modification for faster recovery. Encourage patients to ask questions and address their concerns.

2. Involve Patients in Goal-Setting
When you involve patients in goal-setting, it makes them take ownership of their recovery process. Work with patients and set specific, measurable, and realistic goals that align with their treatment plan.

3. Provide Regular Feedback
Providing regular feedback is an essential aspect of educating patients. Discuss their progress towards recovery and further plans to improve orthopedic injuries. Give positive feedback where appropriate, and be specific about areas that need improvement.

4. Encourage Self-Monitoring
Encourage patients to record their progress, includes a complete record of exercises, exercise time, and improvement in symptoms. This helps patients keep track of their progress and identify areas where they need to focus.

5. Provide Resources
Provide your patients with the resources to gain knowledge about their recovery process. This may include instructional videos, print materials, or access to rehabilitation equipment. It keeps patients engaged, motivated, confident, and satisfied with their journey.

6. Reinforce and Acknowledge the Patient’s Progress:
Acknowledge the progress and hard work of your patients. Try positive reinforcement techniques to help them stay motivated. Celebrating success helps patients stay hopeful and encourages them to continue being active participants.

Evidence Of Self-management In orthopedic injury rehabilitation:

According to a study by Barlow et al., self-management in orthopedic patients is a positive health concept that prevents long-term disability and dependence. The change in a patient’s perspective (from being a passive participant to an active participant responsible for his recovery) has brought fruitful results in managing chronic orthopedic injuries.

Active participation in a rehabilitation journey develops a patient’s skills to improve their chronic health problems. These skills include problem-solving, self-monitoring, planning, self-tailoring, decision-making, and utilization of resources.

Evidence supports the positive effect of self-management and patient education in chronic orthopedic patients. Self-management strategies have revolutionized and improved health outcomes, cost, and effectiveness, knowledge, usage of health services, shared decision-making, and patient experience. According to National voices, a person-centered approach is the best strategy to engage patients.

How Does ANF Therapy®️ Train Healthcare Professionals For Patient-Centred Care?

ANF Therapy ®️ aims to provide individualized care to patients. We train our therapists and healthcare professionals to find the root cause of orthopedic injuries, muscle injuries, musculoskeletal dysfunction, and chronic pain.

ANF Therapy ®️ uses ANF Neuro Tech Devices and specific protocols for each patient according to the injury. We educate our therapists on how to provide personalized care and how to teach their patients to apply ANF Devices at home.

Sign up for ANF Educational Program to learn more about ANF Therapy®️ and our various personalized patient-centered approaches in treating orthopedic injuries.